Entry of Foreign Banks in India and China: A Brief Note

By Kavaljit Singh | Discussion Paper | March 2006

The proponents of banking sector liberalization claim that the entry of foreign banks in the poor and developing world is highly desirable and beneficial. But recent empirical evidence suggests that the entry of foreign banks could lead to misallocation of credit, which in turn could negatively affect economic growth prospects as bank credit is a vital input for investment and growth. As the focus of the global banking industry appears to be on India and China, this note analyses some of the recent developments taking place in these countries.

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Banking Sector Liberalization in India: Some Disturbing Trends

By Kavaljit Singh | September 2005

In the first week of August 2005, Reserve Bank of India (RBI), country’s central bank, issued a list of 391 under-banked districts in India with population per branch more than the national average of 16,000. The list was part of a policy directive issued by the central bank to all commercial banks asking them to work out their branch expansion strategies “keeping in mind the developmental needs of un-banked regions.” If 391 districts out of a total 602 districts in India are un-banked and under-banked, it raises several policy…

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Multilateral Investment Agreement in the WTO: Issues and Illusions

By Kavaljit Singh | APRN-PIRC Briefing Paper | 2003

This paper is an in-depth investigation of attempts made by a select grouping of developed world to widen the scope of trade negotiations to new issues, particularly investments, at the Fifth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO) held at Cancun, Mexico in September 2003.

Current approaches advocating international investment agreements are grounded on several myths. There is no evidence to prove conclusively that investment agreements lead to increased foreign investment in all countries. Nor does it boost the prospects of obtaining investment in future. Since the 1980s, a…

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From Beijing Consensus to Washington Consensus (II)
China’s Financial Sector under the WTO Regime: A Preliminary Assessment

By Kavaljit Singh | January 2003

China became a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) on 11 December 2001. To facilitate its entry into WTO, China agreed to undertake a series of important market access commitments to open and liberalize its financial sector.

These commitments will allow foreign banks to capture markets in those regions (e.g., coastal regions and cities) where bulk of banking business is concentrated. Given the fact that foreign banks have considerable international exposure and can launch new products and services, they are in a better position to capture China’s banking markets,…

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From Beijing Consensus to Washington Consensus: China’s Journey to Liberalization and Globalization (I)

By Kavaljit Singh | Asia-Pacific Journal, Issue No.7 | December 2002

China’s massive transformation from a centrally planned economy to a market economy has received worldwide attention. There is a strong tendency among many commentators to equate China’s economic liberalization program with neoliberal Washington Consensus based on rapid privatization, deregulation and globalization policies. It would be erroneous to equate Chinese journey towards economic reforms with Washington Consensus because the country followed a sequential approach to economic liberalization rather than a blanket approach adopted by several third world countries, former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe in the eighties and the nineties. Economic…

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