Proposal for the ‘Modernisation of Private Sector Instruments’

By CSOs | Background Paper | November 28, 2016
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The background paper provides a critical analysis of the proposals made by the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) secretariat of the OECD in the paper titled, “Implementation of the Principles of ODA Modernization on Private Sector Instruments,” which is yet to be made public. The DAC’s proposals would allow a wide variety of private sector instruments to be used as vehicles for international aid. This means an increase in the possible use of aid to invest in or give loans to private companies, or to underwrite their activities, through guarantees….

Commodity Options: A Game Changer for Indian Farmers?

By Kavaljit Singh | Briefing Paper # 18 | November 2016

In a major push to widen the scope of commodity derivatives market in India, Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has recently allowed options trading on commodity exchanges. This decision has been hailed by commodity exchanges as a game changer for Indian farmers. Tracing the experience of futures trading in the Indian commodity markets, the paper argues that the options trading is not suitable for Indian farmers as they lack the understanding, resources and capacities to trade in commodity derivatives. Since sophisticated traders and financial investors will use…

Taming the Shadowy World of Dark Pools

By Kavaljit Singh | Briefing Paper # 17 | July 2014

After operating in the shadows for more than two decades, the murky world of dark pools is coming into the light. On July 1, 2014, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), independent securities regulator of the US, imposed a fine of $800,000 on Goldman Sachs for failing to ensure that trades in its dark pool trading system took place at the best price. Would an $800,000 fine on Goldman Sachs act as a deterrent to stop predatory behavior? The answer is No. The bank may consider this small fine…

Too Fast to Fail?: The Perils of Algorithmic Trading in the Indian Markets

By Kavaljit Singh | Briefing Paper # 16 | June 2014

Since 2011, algo trading has been swiftly gaining ground in the Indian stock and commodity markets. Algorithmic trading is all the rage in India now but the key questions that are rarely asked: To what extent algo trading be allowed in the Indian equity and commodity futures markets? Do we have a system of checks and balances in place to control dysfunctional algorithms and minimise the possibilities of any flash crash?
Algorithmic trading is based on a technology-driven pre-programmed mathematical model that allows execution of orders at a very high…

India-UAE BIPA: Why Such Desperate Haste?

By Kavaljit Singh | Policy Brief # 2 | January 2014
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On December 12, 2013, India and the United Arab Emirates signed a bilateral investment promotion agreement. Since India is currently reviewing all its investment protection agreements, the government has not explained why it has worked out an exception with the UAE. However, for some inexplicable reasons, the text of the signed agreement has
not yet been made available at the official website of Ministry of Finance.